Transcendental Associates in Santa-rasa, Part 2

August 24, 2007 at 8:00 am Leave a comment

Krsna and Balarama Milking the Cows

Five moods of transcendental relationship with the Lord.


“Mother Yasoda would then address Nanda Maharaja, “See my dear son, whose eyes are white, who has a turban on His head, a wrapper on His body and leg bells which tinkle very sweetly on His feet. He is coming near, along with His surabhi calves, and just see how He is wandering upon the sacred land of Vrndavana!”

Nectar of Devotion, Chapter 43

“There are five principal rasas: santa, dasya, sakhya, vatsalya, madhurya. Here also, the same rasas are here, santa, dasya. Just like I am sitting in this comfortable seat. This is santa, santa-rasa. The throne is giving me service in silence. This is called santa-rasa. Above this, somebody is giving me flower, sandalwood. This is called dasya-rasa, serving. ….Than, again develop, sakhya-rasa, more intimate, friendly. Then vatsalya-rasa, more intimate. Just like the parental affection. And more intimate, conjugal love. Just like young boy, young girl, try to love one another. So these rasas are there.

Vrndavana, Krsna is in love with the gopis. He is playing with friends, cowherd boys. His affectionate mother Yasoda, feeding Him, and there are servants also, serving Krsna. And the trees, the water, the flowers, they are serving silently. Panca-mukhya-rasa, five chief mellows, humors. The same thing is here also. Here also the santa-rasa, sakhya-rasa, dasya-rasa is there. But that is mixed with material cranks (grains?). Just like sweet rice. Sweet rice is very nice, but if it is mixed with some grains of sand, just imagine.” (Srila Prabhupada Lecture on Srimad-Bhagavatam, 06-16-72, Los Angeles)

Animals and Birds

“The cows in Krsna’s abode are also liberated souls. They are called surabhi cows. There are many popular pictures showing how Krsna loves the cows, how He embraces and kisses them. That passive relationship with Krsna is called santa. Their perfect happiness is achieved when Krsna comes and simply touches them.”

Science of Self-Realization, Chapter 8

“Krsna always tends the cows. His name is cowherd boy. To become animal of Krsna is a great, great fortune. It is not ordinary thing. Any associate of Krsna, either His cowherd boyfriends or calf or cows, or the Vrndavana trees, plants, flowers or water, they are all devotees of Krsna. They like to serve Krsna in different capacities. Somebody is serving Krsna as animal. Somebody is serving Krsna as fruits and flowers, as tree, as Yamuna water, or the beautiful cowherds men and damsels or Krsna’s father and mother, so many with Krsna. Krsna is not imperson. So He has got so many lovers. Krsna also loves them. So Krsna’s another name is pasu-pala, pasu-pala-pankaja. He is, mean, tender of the animals. Surabhir abhipalayantam. He takes pleasure in tending the cows, surabhi. These are surabhi cows, not these ordinary cows, surabhi cows. Surabhi cows means you can milk the cow as many times as you like and as much milk as you like. That is surabhi.”

Srila Prabhupada Lecture on Srimad-Bhagavatam, 06-26-74, Melbourne

These cows are the Lord’s pet animals. From the surabhi cows one can take as much milk as one needs, and one may milk these cows as many times as he desires. Of the surabhi cows, all of whom are very dear to Lord Krsna, seven are said to be the most important. They are: Mangala, Pingala, Ganga, Pisangi, Manikastani, Hamsi and Vamsipriya. Srimati Radharan also has pet surabhi cows, among whom Sunada, Yamuna and Bahula are the most important, along with Tungi, Her chubby pet calf.

In addition to these pet surabhi cows, many other types of pets belong to Krsna and Radharani. Krsna’s pet dogs are Vyaghra and Bhramaraka. Padmagandha and Pisangaksa are His pet oxen, Suranga is His pet deer, and Dadhilobha is His monkey. Kalasvana is His pet swan, Tandavika His pet peacock, and Daksa and Vicaksana are His pet parrots.

Radharni’s old pet monkey is called Kakkhati. Rangini is Her pet doe, Carucnadrika is Her pet cakori bird, and Madhuri is Her pet elephant. Tundikeri, Her pet swan, is fond of swimming in Radha-kunda. Suksmadhi and Subha, Her two parrots, like to perfectly imitate Lalita-devi’s playful jokes spoken to her master and mistress (Sri Sri Radha-Krsna). By this wonderful repetition the parrots astonish the gopis.

“I think the drones that are buzzing all around You must have been Your devotees in their past lives. They cannot leave Your company because no one can be a better, more affectionate master than You. You are the supreme and original Personality of Godhead, and the drones are just trying to spread Your glories by chanting every moment. I think some of them must be great sages, devotees of Your Lordship, and they are disguising themselves in the form of drones because they are unable to give up Your company even for a moment. My dear brother, You are the supreme worshipable Godhead. Just see how the peacocks in great ecstasy are dancing before You. The deer, whose behavior is just like the gopis, are welcoming You with the same affection. And the cuckoos who are residing in this forest are receiving You with great joy, because they consider that Your appearance is so auspicious in their home. Even though they are trees and animals, these residents of Vrndavana are glorifying You. They are prepared to welcome You to their best capacity, as is the practice of great souls in receiving another great soul at home. As for the land, it is so pious and fortunate that the footprints of Your lotus feet are marking its body.”

Krsna Book, Chapter 15

Paraphernalia and Ornaments

“The Lord’s clothing, bedding, slippers and everything required as an ordinary necessity are all transformations of Sesa, Visnu, the expansion of Sri Baladeva. Thus the cloth and other paraphernalia of the Supreme Personality of Godhead are but other forms of the Supreme Personality of Godhead. Everything connected to the Lord is worshipable. Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu instructs us that just as Krsna is worshipable, Krsna’s place, Vrndavana, is also worshipable. And as Vrndavana is worshipable, similarly the paraphernalia in Vrndavana–the trees, roads, river, everything–is worshipable. A pure devotee thus sings, jaya jaya vrndavana-vasi yata jana: “All glories to the residents of Vrndavana.” If a devotee has a staunch devotional attitude, all these conclusions will be awakened or revealed within the heart.”

Caitanya-caritamrta, Madyam lila 12:38

Krsna’s golden bow is named Vilasakarmana. The two ends of this bow are studded with jewels and it has a bowstring named Manjulasara. The two ropes He carries are named Pasuvasikara and His milk bucket is named Amrtadohani. His cane is named Mandana,

Krsna’s mirror is named Saradindu and His fan is named Marumaruta. His glistening jewel-handled scissors are named Tustida. His buffalo-horn bugle is named Mandraghosa. His toy lotus flower is named Sadasmera and His toy ball is named Citrakoraka.

Krsna has several flutes, one of which is Bhuvanamohini. Another flute is named Mahananda, and it is like a fishook that captures the fish of Srimati Radharani’s heart and mind. Another flute, which has six holes, is known as Madanajhankrti. Krsna’s flute named Sarala makes a low, soft tone like the sound of a softly singing cuckoo. He is very fond of playing this flute in the ragas gaudi and garjari. His vina is named Tarangini. The wonderful sacred mantra He chants is the name of His dearmost Radharani.

“One should also concentrate on the nice garland on the neck of the Lord, which is always surrounded by bumblebees, with their nice buzzing sound, and one should meditate upon the pearl necklace on the Lord’s neck, which is considered to represent the pure living entities who are always engaged in His service.”

Srimad-Bhagavatam 3:28:28

For his protection, Mother Yasoda placed on Krsna’s arm an amulet studded with nine jewels. His two armlets are named Rangada, His two bracelets are named Sobhana, His signet ring is named Ratnamukhi, and His yellow garments are named Nigamasobhana.

Krsna’s string of small bells is named Kalajhankara and His two anklets are named Hamsaganjana. The tinkling sounds of these ornaments enchant the deer that are the minds of the deer-eyed gopis. Krsna’s pearl necklace is named Taravali and His jewel necklace is named Taditprabha. The locket He wears on His chest is named Hrdayamodana and within it is a picture of Srimati Radharani. Krsna’s jewel is named Kaustubha. In the Kaliya lake the Kaliya serpent’s wives gave this jewel to the Lord with their own hands. His shark-shaped earrings are named Ratiragadhidaivata, His crown is named Ratnapara and its crest-jewel is named Camaradamari. Krsna’s peacock feather crown is named Navaratnavidamba, His gunja necklace is named Ragavalli and His tilaka marking is named Drstimohana. Krsna’s garland of forest flowers and leaves, which reaches down to His feet and contains flowers of five different colors, is called Vaijayanti.

Her jeweled necklace is named Harimohana, Her jeweled earrings are named Rocana and the pearl decorating Her nose is named Prabhakari. Her locket, which contains a picture of Lord Krsna, is named Madana. Her Syamantaka jewel is also known as Sankhacuda-siromani (Sankhacuda’s crest-jewel). The auspicious jewel She wears around Her neck is called Puspavan because it eclipses the simultaneous rising of the sun and moon (puspavan) with its splendor. Her anklets are called Catakarava because their tinkling sounds resemble the warbling of cataka birds. Her bracelets are called Manikarvura. Srimati Radharani’s signet ring is named Vipaksamardini. Her sash is named Kancanacitrangi and Her ankle-bells, which stun Lord Krsna with their tinkling sounds, are Ratnagopura.

Srimati Radharani’s tilaka marking is called Smarayantra. Srimati Radharani’s garments are named Meghambara. Her upper garment is red like a ruby and it is the favorite of Lord Hari. Radharani’s lower garment is the color of a blue cloud and it is Her own favorite. Her jeweled mirror is named Sudhamsudarpaharana, which means “that which removes (harana) the moon’s (sudhamsu) pride (darpa).” Her golden stick for applying mascara is named Narmada, Her jeweled comb is named Svastida, and Her private flower garden is named Kandarpakuhali.

Flower Adornment (Phulsajjya)

“Although the Lord is by nature very beautiful due to the perfect figure of His transcendental body, still He would dress Himself in yellow colored garments and put on His necklace of Kaustubha jewels. He would wear flower garlands, smear His body with the pulp of sandalwood and decorate Himself with other similar cosmetics and ornaments. It is said that the ornaments themselves became beautiful upon being placed on the transcendental body of the Lord. After decorating Himself in this way, the Lord would then look at marble statues of the cow and calf and visit temples of God or demigods like Lord Siva. There were many brahmanas who would come daily to see the Supreme Lord before taking their breakfast; they were anxious to see Him, and He welcomed them.”

Krsna Book, Chapter 70
Bhaktivedanta Book Trust. HDG A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Srila Prabhupada.

The flower ornaments of the divine couple are 1. flower crown, 2. flowers in the hair, 3. flower earrings, 4. flowers decorating the forehead, 5. flower necklaces, 6. flower armlets, 7. flower sashes, 8. flower braelets, 9. flower anklets, 10. flower bodices and many other kinds of flower ornaments. Just as these ornaments may be fashioned from precious jewels, gold or other materials, in the same way they may be made of flowers.

Angada (armlet): A flower-armlet (angada) may be fashioned of three kinds of flowers strung one after another to resemble a little flower creeper.

Balapasya: A garland of flower buds and similar ingredients closely strung together and placed on the hair is called balapasya.

Candratapa (an awning): When many sindhuvara flowers as white as pearls decorate the sides and fresh lotus flowers hang down in the middle, the awning is called candratapa.

Chatra (parasol): Made of thin white sticks, decorated with white flowers and with a handle decorated with yellow jasmine flowers, a flower parasol is called a chatra.

Crown: The divine couple’s crowns may be made of rangini flowers, yellow jasmine flowers, navamali flowers, sumali flowers, dhrti gems, rubies, gomeda gems, pearls or splendid moonstones. These may be artistically arranged to construct beautiful crowns. The crowns may be made with seven points and they may also have gold ketaki flowers or various flower buds among their colorful and beautiful ingredients. These crowns enchant the mind of Lord Hari. The flower crowns known as puspapara are the best of all and they are more pleasing than even the best jeweled crowns (ratnapara). Lalita-devi learned how to make these puspapara crowns from Srimati Radharani. These puspapara crowns are made with flowers and flower buds of five different colors arranged in five points.s This crown is especially used to decorate Srimati Radharani.

Decoration for the Forehead: A garland of flowers placed on the upper forehead along the hairline is called lalatika. Such a garland should have flowers of two colors : red in the middle of the garland and the other color flowers on the two sides.

Earrings: Skilled craftsmen say there are five kinds of earrings. They are known by the names tadanka, kundala, puspi, karnika and karna-vestana.

Graivekyaka (flower collar): Made of a single kind of flower, a necklace strung four times around the neck is called graiveyaka.

Hamsaka (flower shoes): When the decoration of flowers covers the entire top and side parts of the feet and there are bunches of flowers in four places, such a decoration is called hamsaka.

Kanci (sash): A sash made of flowers of five different colors, artistically strung together in a gently waving pattern, is called a kanci.

Kanculi (flower bodice): A bodice made of flowers of six colors, artistically arranged and perfumed with musk and which begins from the neck, is called kanculi.

Karnika: The karnika earring is fashioned from the whorl of a blue lotus surrounded by yellow flowers. In the middle are a bhrngika flower and pomegranate flower. When the flower earring is so large it completely covers the ear, the earring is known as karna-vetsana.

Kataka (flower anklets): Anklets made of many different flower buds are called kataka. These are of many different varieties.

Kundala: When an earring is fashioned from flowers in order to resemble a certain object, the earring is called kundala. There are many different kinds of kundala earrings. The flowers may be arranged to resemble a peacock, shark, lotus, half-moon or many other things.

Mani-bandhani (bracelet): A bracelet made of flowers of four colors, with bunches of flowers hanging down at three places, is called mani-bandhani.

Puspi: The puspi earrings is fashioned from four different kinds of flowers placed in a circle with a large gunja berry in the middle.

Sayanam (couch): The couch is fashioned of campaka and malli flowers and decorated with small bells. It has a large cushion of navamali flowers.

Tadanka: A hollow gold post worn in the ear is called a tadanka. This kind of earring is of two varieties. In the first variety the petal of golden ketaki flower is attached to this earring. In the second kind the petal of some other colorful flower is attached.

Ulloca (an awning): An awning is made of a latticework of various colorful flowers, ketaki petals and various leaves. Many malli flowers hang down from this awning.

Vesma (cottage): With reeds as pillars and various colorful flowers as the roof and four walls, a vesma (flower cottage) is constructed.

Bhaktivedanta Book Trust. HDG A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Srila Prabhupada.


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